Welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes & Socially & Educationally Backward Class
Government has attached priority for the development & welfare of ST/SC/ SEBC & Minorities. The Government is committed to ensure speedy development of these communities through effective implementation of anti- exploitative, protective, economic, social, cultural & welfare measures. The land right of SC /ST families is protected under Orissa Land Reforms Act. No tribal / scheduled caste person is allowed to transfer his land through sale, gift or mortgage without the permission of the competent authority. The scheduled caste communities have been subjected to social discrimination over the years. Hence a stringent legislation namely Prevention of Atrocities (SC & ST) Act has been enacted to provide social justice to these weaker sections of the society. Money lending is an important problem accentuating the marginalisation & poverty of SCs & STs. Hence legislation has also been brought to control money lending.
Under the ORV Act 1975, there is a provision for reservation of 16.50% & 22.50% of posts for SC & ST communities respectively in initial appointment and promotion. A number of self-employment and wage employment programmes like SGSY, SGRY are designed to improve the standard of living and quality of life of these communities. Under housing sector 60% of the target meant for this district is earmarked for the beneficiaries belonging to ST/SC communities under BPL category.
Institutional credit is also provided to the SC/ST youth through Orissa Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe Development Finance Co-operative Corporation (OSFDC) under Margin Money Loan Programme, High Cost Scheme, Scavenger Programme (National Scheme for Liberation and Rehabilitation of Scavengers) for various income generating activities.
The Government have undertaken various measures to improve the educational status of these communities through steps like provision of scholarships, boarding facilities, free distribution of text books, garments etc. There are thirty-seven Sevashrams & one Residential Sevashram in this district imparting education up to Class-V. Three Ashram Schools and one Kanyashram are imparting education to boys and girls respectively up to Class-VII. Three High Schools have been established by SC & ST Development Department in this district. The rate of pre-matric scholarships for ST/SC boarders has been enhanced from Rs. 200/- to Rs. 300/- for boy students per month and from Rs. 225/- to Rs. 325/- for girl students per month from 1999-2000. During the year 2002-2003, pre-matric scholarship to the tune of Rs.50,80,603.00 was distributed to 17,421 SC & ST students and post-matric scholarship was provided to 11,234 SC & ST students with an expenditure of Rs. 29,60,973.00.
Modified Area Development Approach ( MADA)
Modified Area Development Approach aims at development of tribals staying outside the ITDA areas Modified Alternative . Such approach is being followed in tribal dominated pockets of two blocks namely Athamallik & Pallahara. Both individual benefit oriented schemes & community oriented schemes are implemented in these pockets in 70:30 ratio out of SCA (Special Central Assistance) outlay.
Micro project for primitive tribal community
One micro project namely Paudi Bhuyan Development Agency (PBDA) has been established in Pallahara Block for the development of the primitive Paudi Bhuyans concentrated in 5 G.Ps (Nagira, Bandhabhuin, Saida, Seegarh & Pechamundi) covering 27 villages. The project is spread over 188 sq. Km.
Welfare of SEBCs
Apart from the Scheduled Tribes & /Scheduled Castes, there are several communities which are recognized as socially and educationally backward. In order to render social justice, the State Government have notified and enlisted such communities and made 27% reservation for them in initial/ direct recruitment in posts and services. Merit-cum-Means scholarships are being awarded to such students covering one student each of class IX and class X in all Government and recognized High Schools.
The New Swarnima scheme has been launched for women belonging to SEBC category. This scheme provides loan up to of Rs. 50,000/- to each beneficiary for taking up small business and there is no provision for subsidy under this scheme. The rate of interest of the loan amount is 6% per annum.
The Schedule Tribes & other traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act' 2006
Please Click here to go to Forest Rights Act Website : http://forestrights.nic.in/
OTHER WELFARE ACTIVITIES:
a) MERIT CUM POVERTY SCHOLARSHIP
b) POST-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP FOR S.C. STUDENTS
c) POST MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP FOR S.T. STUDENTS
d) PRE-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP (DEPTT. SCHOOLS)
e) PRE-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP FOR S.C.STUDENTS(EDUCATTION)
f) NOTE BOOKS
2. ACTROCITY CASES
a) Joint Enquiry Report
b) Payment of Monetary Relief
Details of Schools under SC &
ST Development Deptt. in Angul District