REVENUE                                                          

1.  Historical Background
2.  Laws & Rules in force
3. 
Present System of Survey, Assessment and Collection
4.
 Collection of Revenue
5.  Central Revenue
6.  State Revenue

        Member
        Board of Revenue
          |
         Revenue Divisional Commissioner (ND)
           |
           Collector
                                                 |                                      
          |                         |                          |                     |
      Sub Collector       Sub Collector         Sub Collector  Sub Collector
         Angul                Athamallik              Pallahara          Talcher
           |                              |                       |                 |       
  |        |                 |       |                |          |         |              |
Angul   Banarpal   Chhendipada  Athamallik Kishorenagar  Pallahara   Talcher        Kaniha 
 
Tahasil    Tahasil       Tahasil           Tahasil        Tahasil         Tahasil        Tahasil         Tahasil 


REVENUE ADMINISTRATION

          Revenue administration is at the core of governance at district level. Historically it is one of the oldest systems of administration. It is concerned with mobilisation of resources  for the development of the state  & day to day  administration. Collector is the head of the revenue administration at district level. He is the guardian of law & order , friend philosopher & guide of the Panchayatiraj Institutions, and Chief Executive of the Government at district level.  He  enjoys tremendous confidence of the people, who    look to him for   delivery of justice. He serves as the link between the people & the Government. He is the captain of the development team at the district level & coordinates  and supervises all development and welfare programmes in the district.

Historical Back ground:

           The district of Angul comprises of 4 subdivisions of which 3 are ex-State areas and the remaining one, Angul was managed directly  by Government prior to independence. Each of these ex-State areas, before their merger into the state of Orissa, had its own system of land management, revenue administration and other laws, rules and practices. A short account of the history of land revenue administration relating to each of these ex-State areas is given below. The report on the land tenure and land revenue system of  Orissa and Chhatisgarh states by R.K.Ramadhyani forms the basic source.

ANGUL       

          Angul was one of the feudatory states of Orissa up to the year 1847 when it was confiscated on account of the rebellion of the then ruling Chief Somnath Singh. It was treated as a Govt. estate (Khasmahal) since then and  administered by the Superintendent of the Tributary Mahals through the agency of an officer known officially as Tahasildar who collected revenue and administered justice. In 1891, Angul was constituted a separate district, the Khondmals being added to it. The district of Angul thereby consisted of two subdivisions namely Angul and Khondmals. In 1936 with the creation of a separate province of Orissa, Angul subdivision was  constituted into a district under the Angul Laws Regulation, 1936 and the Magistrate and collector of Cuttack was also the Deputy Commissioner of the district of Angul. In 1948 with the merger of princely states, the district of Dhenkanal was created and Magistrate and Collector of Dhenkanal district became the Deputy Commissioner (later called Collector) of Angul district. Status of Angul remained as such till 14th Sept 1967. But consequent upon the introduction of the Angul Laws Regulation ( Repeal) Act 1967 its status was changed to that of a Sub-division of Dhenkanal district with effect from 15th Sept 1967. A summary settlement was first made in the year 1848.This was followed by a regular settlement for 5 years in 1849, at which the Jama(assessment) was settled at Rs.21,465. The Estate was topographicaly surveyed in 1853-54. In 1855, a 12 years’ resettlement was conducted which yielded a Jama of Rs.37,167. The period, however, was extended to 20 years due to the occurrence of the great Orissa Famine of 1866. This period was again extended up to the end of 1891 owing to five bad seasons in succession culminating in the famine of 1889. In the settlement of 1892(made for 15 years), it was noticed that the assessable area had increased from 56,947 acres to 156,549 acres, i.e. by about 275 per cent owing to extension of cultivation. The revenue consequently rose without any alteration of the rate of rent, from Rs.46,029 to Rs.1,07,125. Another Settlement was taken up in 1905 and completed in 1908. The total assessed area increased to 1,57,812 acres. The gross rental was raised to Rs.1,18,612 for the first five years and to Rs.1,24,033 for the remaining period of the  Settlement which was due to expire in 1923. The period was, however, extended up to November 1928 on account of the famine of 1918-19. Another settlement was taken up in 1925-28. This Tahasil has been bifurcated in to two Tahasils i.e. namely Angul Tahasil and  newly created Banarpal Tahasil w.e.f.21.04.2008.

ATHAMALLIK

        The land revenue administration of this ex-State differed but little from that existing in neighbouring ex-states. The ex-State, however, had always been more in touch with the institutions prevailing in the central provinces. The village headman occupied therefore, a more  prominent position here than in the neighboring ex-States.

There were no Zamindaris in the ex-state, but there existed rent free or quit-rent tenures for deities (Debottar) and Brahmins (Brahmottar) The record of rights regarding various grants including Lakharaj grants were prepared during 1927-31 settlement. Khamar lands held by the ruler constituted his personal income.

          The early revenue history of this ex-state is not known. No regular land revenue settlement appears to have taken place till comparatively recent years and revenue was probably derived from villages, as a whole, apportionment being left to the village headman. The early revenue settlements in 1896 and 1911 were made by measurement with the Padika or standard rod common in Orissa. The first settlement of the ex-state and cadastral survey accompanied by traverse was taken up in 1927 and completed in 1931. The settlement was for 15 years. The classification of lands at previous settlement was altered, the number of classes being reduced. After assessment of rents, there were large number of protests and a special officer had to be appointed to look into the objections. High classifications were reduced in a large number of cases and excess rents already collected were refunded. The revenue was increased by 32 percent (after the reduction), increase of cultivated lands being only about 6 percent.

The record of rights of 1932 settlement shows that Debottor endowments were made for the worship of deities and other religious institutions, the state reserving the right of worshiper or Sebayat over them. Twelve villages were given as Debottar. The income from these villages were credited in the first instance into the Treasury by the Sarbarakaras appointed by the state, and was kept as deposit in favour of the Debottar Department. Debottar grants were not transferable permanently or temporarily in any way and were not subject to any encumbrance created by the holder. The cesses of the villages were, however, credited to the general revenue. Brahmottar grants were made to Brahmans for religious cultural pursuits and for the offer of prayers to God for the welfare of the Raj family. They were heritable but may be resumed at any time at the will of the administration or if the grantee’s conduct was disloyal or if he was of bad character. Brahmottar grants had the rights and liabilities of rayats and were subject to the control of Sarbarakars.

          About 1306 acres of land were held by the ruler as Khamar. There were no conditions regarding resumption or liability to assessment or quit-rent of these lands. All the lands were said to be cultivated by the Ruler through his servants.

           There were many service Jagirs for various persons for the purpose of rendering personal service to the Ruler. There were also many service Jagirs in almost all villages for Chkoukidars, Dal-beheras and Kumbhars etc.

          The settlement report of 1932 classified rayats as Thani, Pahi and Chandnadar.There were also subtenants recorded as Shikmi under Debottar and Brahmottar grantee. There were no Shikmi tenants other than those under Debottar and Brahmottar grantees.

          At the 1932 settlement, a list of rights land liabilities of the Sarbarakars was drawn up which may be regarded as the Sarbarakars, Charter. At the time of the settlement, nearly all villages were said to have had a Sarbarakar, except the headquarters, which never had a Sarbarakar. In 1937-38 a large number of Sarbarakaras were removed on account of default of land revenue as well as mismanagement of villages. All Sarbarakaras had service holding (Bhogra lands) assessed to rent. But lands held by them were inalienable and impartible and were held by the persons holding the office. In 1937-38, conversion of the service holding into rayati land started on the application of the Sarbarakars. A salami, ten times the rental was obtained. In the village in which the Sarbarakars were dismissed or removed, conversion was effected by auction the bid of the old Sarbarakars being generally accepted by the ruler.

          The Sarbarakars used to get a commission on a sliding scale from Rs.9-6-0(Rs.9.37) per cent to Rs.18-12-0(Rs.18.75)per cent, according to the rental of the village. There were protected and unprotected Sarbarakar. The heir of a protected Sarbarakar had the right to succeed. This Tahasil has been bifurcated in to two Tahasils i.e. namely Athamallik Tahasil and  newly created Kishorenagarl Tahasil w.e.f.21.04.2008.

PALLAHARA

           The first attempt at Settlement appears to have been made in 1875. The survey was on eye appraisal called ‘Nazarkut’, measurement by means of a standard rod-10ft. 6 1/“ in length was first undertaken from 1893 to 1896 when another settlement was made. A revision settlement was taken up in 1914 and was completed in 1918. This settlement was completed under the supervision of the Deputy Commissioner, Angul when the ex-state was under Government management. A plane table survey of the village boundaries was done in 8 inches scale and then enlarged into 16 inches scale by pantograph. Detailed was, however, not done by chain but only a rough sketch map of cultivated lands was prepared.

          Assessment was done on the lines of the previous settlement. Classification of villages into three classes was retained according to previous settlement with modifications in case of a few villages. The rates of rent finally adopted were also the same. The total assessable area was 24,561 acres and the gross rental assessed was Rs.35,742/-. The net rental was Rs.32,205 of which Rs.3,157 were allowed as collection charges at the rate of 10 percent. The new assessment is alleged to have gone hard against the rayats some of whom abandoned their holdings. Some entire villages were also abandoned. Consequently, abatement of rent had to be allowed.

           The next settlement was done in 1932. The classification of the last settlement was retained. The rates of rent previously adopted were increased slightly. The settlement report of 1932 of Pallahara ex-state governed its Revenue Administration.

           There was no zamindary in the ex-state and no complete village had been given out as a grant with the exception of two villages given in 1932 to the Rani Saheba. There were practically no tenure holders in the ex-state, except these two villages. Grants were not numerous and the area including choukidary Jagirs was only 1700 acres. Among the service grantees were those who supplied brooms to the Rajbati  (Palace), black-smiths for rendering personal and special service and Paiks, a fairly large number, who performed guard duties, carried dak and performed other menial duties. There were also few Jagirs for drummers, goldsmiths, priests, water carriers and barbers, etc. 189 acres of khas land were held by the ruler. It is mentioned in the Sarbarakari Patta that the Jagir-holders and the Lakharajdars had no rights of transfer. Out of the total area about 120 acres under Debottar, 43 acres were held under the direct management of the Debottar Department” of the ex-state. The rest were managed by the individual grantees. The grantee had the privilege of enjoying the Debottor land as hereditary right. The lands were cultivated on Sanja or produce rent.

           Many of the existing Brahmottar grants paid quit-rent. The Brahmottar quit-rents were enhanced slightly at the settlement of 1932. Brahmottar lands were also heritable.

          Babuvan Jagirs which were grants to the relatives of the Ruler for maintenance were held rent free for life only and were subject to payment of cesses. In practice after the death of a Babuvan Jagirdar, the Jagir were partly resumed. The jagir were usually settled with the heirs of the deceased Jagirdars on half Jama.

          In 1932 settlement, the rayats were registered as Thani and Pahi though the difference between these two classes was not of any practical significance. There were no rules regarding accrual of occupancy rights to sub-tenants and usually they were tenants-at-will. The settlement officer recorded in 1932 that rayats had no right to transfer the lands by sale, gift, mortgage or otherwise and  they were thus indifferent towards the improvement of the lands. The right of sale, subject to the permission of the Ruler, was however, recognized.

           No sale was ordinarily granted where purchaser was of higher caste than the vender or was not a resident of the ex-state. Sanction of sale was subject to the levy of fee of 10 percent on the consideration as well as payment of mutation fee.

          The Sarbarakari Patta issued in 1932 constituted the only compilation to be taken as their statement of rights and liabilities. The Sarbarkars post in practice, descended from father to son but appointment of fresh Sarbarakars had occurred fairly frequently.  He was responsible for the revenue and cesses of the village which were payable in 3 kists (instalments) on 15th May, 15th November and 1st February. The old Bhogra land was, however, assessed to three-fourth of the normal assessment. Sarbarakars were entitled to 10 percent of the rental of the village as remuneration and 6 ½ of the forest and road cesses. But no portion of the school cess was given to them. For the recovery of the land revenue, the Sarbarakar was proceeded against. A notice was issued in the first instance and some time was usually granted. If payment was not made within this period a warrant of attachment of moveable was issued. There was a school cess of one anna (Rs.0.06) per rupee of rent. The Kolhs, Juangs and Bhuayans had been exempted from the cess.

TALCHER

          There was no Zamidari in the ex-state. But like other ex-states of Orisa there were numerous rent-free and other tenures. Besides 7 Debottar and Khanja villages, there were considerable areas of land under these two grantees, all held free of revenue. There were numerous Brahmottar grants some of which paid quit-rent. The land was the property of the state. Between the rayats’ land and the state there were the tenure holders or Bera-Pradhans of each perganah and the Sarbarakars. The other rent-free holders were Lakharajdars, who were mostly holders of service holdings. The allotment of wasteland, the appointment of Sarbarakars or Makaddamas in the case of Brahmottar villages were done by the state. Brahmins holding Brahmottar lands were liable to pay quit-rent and ceses. According to the terms of the patta, they were heritable but not transferable except under will of gift. Debottar lands were held rent-free and cess free for religious purposes. These could be transferred only with the permission of the Darbar. They were virtually impartible  and rayati and under-rayats could be created under the sanction of the Darbar. Kharposh lands were heritable not transferable, and any Kharposh land could be converted into rayati after seven generations from the original grantee. Chakran Jagir lands were held rent-free and cess free for the purpose of rendering free service to Darbar. This was not transferable and generally went to the senior member of the family by succession. Chakran bajyapti tenures were jagir lands for which rent and cess were paid.

          Choukidars were the village servants, who held land rent-free but the rent of that land was recovered from the villagers in common. Other village servants like barber, washer man, etc. also enjoyed jagir lands but these were all rent paying.

          Rayati lands carried with them a liability to render services to the Darbar when required on receipt of due payment. Under-rayats  held from rayats or tenants on specific conditions. An under-rayat used to acquire occupancy right of the land and was held continuously for more than 12 years. Rayati lands could be partitioned or transferred on payment of salami with the permission of the Revenue officer. Mortgages and exchanges were also allowed. Rayats were classified under three groups namely Thani, Pahi and Chandandar.

          The first settlement of the ex-state seems to have been made in 1898 when the ex-state was under the administration of Government owing to the minority of the chief. In the settlement, which followed in 1912, no appreciable change seems to have been made in the system. In 1898 settlement, the major portion of the enhancement in the revenue was due to assessment of the Nayabadi lands. There were 5 classes of villages and 5 to 6 classes of lands. The ex-state had been surveyed fully by traverse and cadastral methods. The settlement records prepared at the 1928 settlement consisted of the Khasra, Khatian and Expadia, in adition to the village map and such documents as parcha and patta.

          The Sarbarakars were responsible for the revenue of the village. Interest was charged from him for failure to pay the land revenue on the due date.

          In Brahmottar villages, the village headman was known as Mukaddam and in Paikali villages he was known as Garnaik. The pattas issued to Sarbarakars, Garhnaiks and Mukaddams were similar except that the patta of a Garhnaik contained a special clause regarding the liability to render service when called upon.

          In Kharposh villages the rent was not paid by the Sarbarakars to the kharposh holders but payment was made into the treasury into Kharposh account.

           By a notification, the Bihar and Orisa Public Demands Recovery Act was included in a list of laws the spirit of which was adopted to be followed for recovery of land revenue.

          The Talcher Rules and Regulations, which contained orders of Talcher Darbar, from time to time were guarding the revenue administration of the ex-state. This Tahasil has been bifurcated in to two Tahasils i.e. namely Talcher Tahasil and  newly created Kaniha Tahasil w.e.f.21.04.2008.

Laws and Rules in force

          It was after merger of these ex-states with Orissa, the Central Government issued an order called the Orissa  States(Application of Laws) Order,1948 applying a number of enactments to the ex-states on subjects included in the Central list. Besides the Orissa Government  also issued  an order called “The Administration of Orissa States Order,1948” extending a number of State Acts for carrying out the administration of these areas in respect of the remaining subjects. In this order, substantial and far-reaching tenancy reforms were enacted giving free rights of transfer, protection against increase of rent and against ejectment of occupancy tenants and Sukhabasis notwithstanding anything contained in the Tenancy Laws of the states. Besides, some rights were conferred on Jagir holders and cultivators of Khamar lands. This modification of existing Tenancy rights by the Administration of Orissa States Order,1948 which was repeated in the merged States Laws Act,1950 was an event of far-reaching consequences. Other common Acts in force are the Land Acquisition Act,1894, Orissa Prevention of Land Encroachment Act,1954, the Orissa Survey & Settlement Act,1958, and Orissa Public Demands Recovery Act,1962, the Orissa Irrigation Act,1959, the Orissa Land Reforms Act,1960,  the Orissa Government Land Settlement Act,1962, the Orissa Cess Act,1962,  the Orissa Consolidation of  Holdings and Prevention of Fragmentation of Land Act,1972. Further the schedule-V of OGLS Rules, 1983 has been ammended and OGLS , Amendment Rules,2010 in force.

            In the mean while Govt. have approved the bench mark valuation report of Angul Dist. of every villages w.e.f. 08.01.2007.

              Further new sub-registrar office namely sub-registrar Kishorenagar has been opened and made functional during the year 2099-10

Present system of Survey, Assessment and Collection      

          Present system of survey is by cadastral and traverse methods. Besides, in Purunakote P.S. and Jarapada P.S of Angul district Khanapuri operation  is directly worked out on digital maps prepared from aerial survey on pilot project basis. Details of the operation  follow the pattern laid down in the Orissa Survey and Settlement  Manual. The Orissa Survey and Settlement Act and Rules guide the detailed implementation of these principles.

          According to the scheme of  Orissa Survey and Settlement Act,1958, the land has to be first surveyed. Thereafter enquiries are to be made on the spot regarding possession, right and title. On the basis of this enquiry preliminary records-of-right are prepared. These two stages are combined together and are known as Kistwar-Khanapuri stage. The map and records so prepared are checked at the Head Office to ensure accuracies.

          In the next stage which is known as the Attestation Stage, copies of the records-of-rights prepared during Khanapuri are made over to the parties and they are asked to state their objections, if any, to the entries made therein. Objections, if any are enquired into and decisions are taken accordingly. The records are amended on the basis of these decision. The entries in the amended record-of-rights are again read over to the parties and thereafter these are attested in token of their correctness. Thus the draft records-of-rights is prepared.

          In the third stage, the attested records are checked again at the Head Office. If the rent settlement is ordered, then the rent is calculated as per the approved rent policy and incorporated in the appropriate column of the draft record-of-rights. This draft record is   published for objections, if any. If objections are filed, they are heard and disposed of and the records are amended accordingly. After the incorporation of these corrections the record is finally published and entries, made therein are deemed final. Last of all, fair copies of the record so finalized are prepared and distributed to all concerned.

          Classification of villages is made under the Orissa Survey and Settlement Act, 1958 taking into consideration the following factors namely:

(i)                situation of the village,

(ii)              communication and marketing facilities

(iii)            depredation by wild animals, and

(iv)            liability to vicissitudes of season

     After the villages are grouped under different classes, classification of land is made according to crop or crops grown on the land, nature of soil, situation of the land in village, and sources of irrigation.

     Then assessment of fair and equitable rent is done under the same Act. For the purpose of survey and preparation of record-of-rights each sub-division of the district is divided into small units called circle or camp in charge of one Assistant Settlement Officer who is assisted by Inspectors in Kistwar and Khanapuri circles and Peskars and Munsarims in attestation and Rent Camps. The Amin works at the village level in Kistwar and Khanapuri circle and his work is checked by the Inspector, Assistant Settlement Officer. The Charge Officer functions as a Supervisory Officer under the control of Settlement Officer who frames the programme and watches the progress. He inspects the camps and guides the operation. At the state level, Director of Land Records and Surveys controls the activities of the organization.

First round Survey & Settlement Operation in Angul district.

          Special Block,Angul.- The total number of villages of the sub-division was 569 for which  Survey and Settlement operation was taken up in the year 1952 as per    Notification No.17/51-1993/R dt.18/19.1.1951 of Revenue Department. Subsequently two villages were transferred to Hindol sub-division during the year 1967. Settlement operation was completed in respect of all the 569 villages in the year 1962 and the final report has been printed and published  R.O.Rs and Maps in respect of all the villages have been supplied to Revenue authorities since long.

          Block A/1-  Athamallik sub-division – The Survey and Settlement operation in respect of 576 villages of Athamallik sub-division was taken up as per   Revenue  Notification No.44501/R dt.3.10.1961 of Revenue Department. During the course of operation 26 new villages were created and the total no. of  villages came to 602. After final publication of all the 602 villages in the year 1976, the R.O.Rs and the maps in respect of all the villages have already been supplied to the revenue authorities.

          Block ‘B”-  Pallahara sub-division – Notification u/s 36(1)© of Orissa Survey and Settlement Act,1958 was issued by Government vide Revenue and Excise Department Notification No. 661-5-115/1963-64 dt.5.1.1963 for taking up Survey and Settlement operation in respect of 303 villages of Pallahara sub-division. After creation of 6 new villages during the Settlement operation the total no. of villages came to 309. Thus Settlement operation in respect of all the 309 villages was completed in the year 1976 and R.O.Rs and maps have been handed over to Revenue authorities. The final report of the sub-division was sent to Board of Revenue in the year 1986 which has been printed and published during the month of January,1998.

          Block ‘A’ Talcher sub-division – The Survey and  Settlement  Operation in respect of 446 villages of Talcher sub-division was taken up under the provision of O.S & S Act,1958 vide Revenue & Excise Department Notification No.58545/R dt.13.12.1962. In course of Settlement operation 14 sabik revenue villages and one village namely Haripradhanpur was amalgamated with Reserve Forest. Thus after exclusion  of 15 revenue villages from the sabik villages and inclusion of 9 newly created villages, the total no. of villages of this sub-division came to 440. Final publication and patta distribution of the 440 villages were completed during the year 1985 and R.O.Rs and maps of all the villages of this subdivision have already been delivered  to the Revenue authorities. The final report of the subdivision was sent to Board of Revenue for approval, printing and publication.

Second round Survey & Settlement Operation of Angul district.

          First-round Survey and Settlement Operation in respect of all 1920 villages of Angul, Athamallik,Talcher and Pallahara Sub-Divisions  have been completed. Now 2nd round Survey and Settlement operation in Angul sub-division has been taken up.

          Out of 569 villages of Angul sub-division,200 villages have been covered under Consolidation, rest 369 villages relating to Angul, Bantala, Purunakote, Jarapada and Chhendipada Police Station of Angul sub-division have  been notified u/s 36(1)© for survey, preparation of records-of-rights and settlement of rent vide   Revenue & Excise Department Notification No.61519/R dt.30.10.89 and 520/R dt.14.1.91. The details of which are given below.

Notification No. & date

Name of Police Station

No. of villages.

51519/ R dt.30.10.89

Bantala P.S.

47

 

Purunakote P.S.

79

Jarapada P.S.

80

Chhendipada P.S.

126

520/R dt.14.1.91

Angul P.S.

36

 

Jarapada P.S.

 1

           At present  Survey and Settlement operation of Chhendipada P.S.(126 villages) Jarapada P.S.(80 villages),Purunakote P.S. (79 villages) is in progress in  photogammatric method.

          At present 1 misc camp i.e. Chhendipada, 4 K.K. camps i.e. Maratira, Nisha, Jarapada and Durgapur of Jarapada P.S and 2 K.K. camps i.e.Manikajodi and Tainsi of Purunakote P.S are functioning in the field. Two new camps i.e. Jagannathpur and Purunakote P.S. have  been sent to field on 18.9.2000.

          For 2nd round operation 286 villages have been notified in connection with Chhendipada, Jarapada and Purunakote P.S of Angul sub-division. Till today 122 villages have been completed and 4 villages are pending for final publication of Chhendipada P.S. In respect of other villages of Jarapada  and  Purunakote P.S,  field  work has been  suspended as per orders of Board of Revenue. Rent policy of Jarapada and  Purunakote P.S have been  submitted to Government for approval. After receipt of rent policy and direction of Board of Revenue further settlement work will be programmed. Proposal for de notification of 36 villages of Angul Sadar PS & 47 villages of Bantala PS has been sent to Govt. by the director Land Records  Survey  & Consolidation  Board of Revenue Orissa Cuttack for approval as required to be notified U/S-3(2) of OSS Act.1958. The Proposal has been accepted by Govt.

Collection of revenue

          A uniform system of collection of land revenue through Tahsildars has been introduced throughout the district with effect from Ist September 1963. According to this arrangement, the district has been divided into 5 Tahsils ( Chhendipada Tahsil created in the year 1977) each in charge of a gazetted Tahsildar. After the Sarbrakar system was abolished under the Orissa merged Territories ( Village Officers’ Abolition) Act, 1963, the collection in all the villages of the district has been transferred from the hands of the the Sarbarakars to the Revenue Inspectors.

          At present, each Tahsil has been divided into a number of Revenue Inspectors’ Circles. Each circle is in charge of a Revenue Inspector who is the lowest Revenue Officer at the village level for  collection of land revenue. The work of Revenue Inspectors is   supervised by a  few Revenue Supervisors all of them being under the overall control of the Tahsildar.

          The work of the Tahasildar is supervised by the Sub-Collector and  Collector. The Collector being the  Chief Revenue Officer of the district   provides leadership & direction to the revenue administration at district level.  His responsibility is to ensure that 

(a)              Land revenue,  cess and other dues are collected and credited into the treasury in time.

(b)                Records of rights  are maintained up to date, so that tenants know exactly what their rights are in respect of the land they own or possess.

(c)               All revenue cases in which tenants’ rights to possess and own land are in dispute such as mutation, encroachment, waste land lease, land acquisition etc. are  disposed of.

(d)              All government property in his district is cared for.

(e)              In agricultural distress and in emergencies like flood, drought, scarcity, out break of epidemic and pestilence, people’s difficulties are ameliorated . The Collector’s functions in   Revenue Administration are subject to the general control and supervision of the Commissioner of Northern Division and the over all supervision of the Board of Revenue as defined in the Orissa Revenue Divisional Commissioners Act, 1957 and the Board of Revenue Act, 1957. In the performance of his work connected with land revenue administration in the district, the Collector is assisted by one Additional District Magistrate and a number of executives  as well as supervisory revenue officers.

The table below shows the names of the sub-divisions, number of Tahsils, number of Revenue Inspectors’ circles and the number of Revenue Supervisors.

Name of the sub-division

Name of the Tahsil

No.of Revenue Inspectors

No.of Revenue Supervisiors

Angul

Angul             Banarpal

08                      08

01                          01

 

Chhendipada.

05

01

Athamallik

Athamallik              
Kishorenagar

10                      08

01                             01

Pallahara

Pallahara

07

01

Talcher

Talcher
Kaniha

04                       05

01                            01

                    The demand and  collection figures for land revenue, cess and miscellaneous revenue for the last 9 years till 2010-11 are given in Appendix-I.

Registration 

          In pursuance of   Notification No.51/92 -23418 dt. 24.05.93 of Revenue & Excise Department the Angul Registration district was formed  . The District Magistrate and Collector, Angul was appointed as  the District Registrar, Angul   vide   Notification No.23419 dt.24.05.93 and thereafter as per G.O. No.93469/R dt. 27.07.93 the Addl. District Magistrate, Angul has been appointed as District Registrar, Angul in respect of Angul Registration District having 5 offices in the district.

1)     District Sub-Registrar, Angul

2)     Sub-Registrar, Talcher

3)     Sub-Registrar, Athmallik

4)     Sub-Registrar, Pallahara

5)     Sub-Registrar, Chhendipada

6) Sub-Registrar, Kishorenagar


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