THE PROGRAMME :
Government of India have therefore, launched the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) throughout the country so as to improve the productivity of these lands and there by improve the living standards of the rural poor who own these lands. The IWDP is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme. The development of wastelands is taken up on watershed basis. Watershed is a geographical unit where rain falling in the area drains through a common point.
The objective of the programme is to arrest rainwater run off and conserve it in situ where it falls. This would in turn lead to control of soil erosion which is usually caused by rainwater –run-off . Water and soil conservation also leads to improved green cover in the project areas leading to improved productivity of land. Under this programme, Wastelands are sought to be developed in an integrated manner based on village micro watershed plans. These plans are prepared after taking into consideration the land capability and site conditions and in consultation with the local people in regard to their needs . The watershed projects are executed by the local people using low cost technologies locally available.
DRDA assigns project areas to Project implementing Agencies which may be either from Government Sector including Panchayati Raj Institutions or the non- Government Sector. The Project Implementing Agency facilitates the actual implementation of the projects by the watershed communities through Watershed Associations. Besides, planning and execution of the watershed projects, the local people are also responsible to maintain and manage these projects through a special provision in the form of Watershed Development Fund created through people’s contributions.
The watershed activities under the Integrated Wasteland Development Programme are expected to result in improved productivity of wastelands , improved availability of fuel wood and fodder , increased water availability, reduction in migration from rural areas and overall improvement in the economic status of the rural people.
Two watershed projects under IWDP Angul- I (Chhendipada Block) Angul- II (Pallahara Block ) are under progress.
IWDP ANGUL -- I FINANCIAL DETAILS ( CHHENDIPADA BLOCK )
IWDP ANGUL – II FINANCIAL DETAILS ( PALLAHARA BLOCK )