Angul district is categorized under the Agro-climatic zone of Mid-central table land zone of Odisha which is generally flat with undulating hilly areas. The two major rivers Brahmani and Mahanadi with their distributaries pass through this district. The climate of the zone is characterized by a fairly hot and humid monsoon and mild winter with the mean annual rainfall of 1422 mm. The zone frequently witness vagaries of weather like drought and flood and represents a rain fed farming situation. The soil types vary from rich red loam to gravely soils of hill slops.


Considering the Agro Climatic situation, soil type and prevailing farming practices the district agriculture department in collaboration with Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Angul identify the following problems of the district.

  • Low yield and income due to cultivation of local types.
  • Injudicious application of fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Low yield due to poor management of acid soil.
  • Non remunerative cropping practice leading to low income.
  • Weed menace in uplands and fish ponds.
  • More drudgery and cost involvement due to poor farm mechanization.
  • Lots of moisture, soil and soil fertility due to improper agronomical practices
  • Under utilization of resources leading to lack of household income.
  • Micronutrients deficiency in field and vegetable crops.
  • Lack of mobilization of social capital and group dynamics.
  • Lack of Entrepreneurship.

Keeping these problems in mind the overall strategy for enabling the farmers to achieve increased output and higher productivity shall include the following.

  • Crop substitution from Paddy to more remunerative non-paddy crops particularly in highlands.
  • Encouraging inter –cropping/ mixed cropping in rain fed farming system, especially in unbunded highlands with a view to overcome possible crop failure due to weather aberrations.
  • Expansion of area coverage in highlands with extra-early and early varieties of paddy.
  • Encouraging varietals replacement and propagation of newer location specific high yielding / hybrid varieties.
  • Emphasis on increasing Seed Replacement Rate (SRR) through massive seed exchange programme.
  • Increasing use of fertilizer, their balanced use (N+P+K) based on soil test results. Supplemented with micronutrients and biofertilizers so as to maintain soil health and productivity.
  • Adoption of proper water management technology to prevent lots of soil nutrients through leaching and runoff.
  • Propagating the adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) surveillance approach for effective control of pest and diseases.
  • Timely and effective weed management.
  • Mechanization of agriculture for timely and effective agricultural operations besides reduce of drudgery of labour and cost of production.
  • Bringing the latest crop production technology to the door steps of the farmers.
  • Timely pre-posting of the agricultural inputs in adequate quantities especially inaccessible areas.
  • Active involvement of SCS / LAMPS etc. for utilization of funds under ‘B’ component of crop loan viz. seeds, fertilizer etc.