JUSTICE , LAW & ORDER               Contents

1.  Civil & criminal

2.  Justice

3.  Bar Association

4.  Police

5.  Vigilance wing

6.  Fire Service

7.  Govt. Railway Police

8.  Special Branch

9.  C.I.S.F.

10.     Police Training College

11.  Law & Order

12. Juvenile jail

13.  Probation hostel



CIVIL AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

 

         Civil and Criminal Justice administration by Courts of law has assumed a significant role   in modern times.  Both the Civil and Criminal Courts as well as various other quasi-judicial authorities are governed by the basic principle to promote and uphold rule of law.   

     

This concept of rule of law was not there in force in old time particularly during princely rule. In Angul Sub-division, which was under the direct control of Britishers, the people had restricted civil rights. Even there was no freedom of speech and expression and of association.

 

          Prior to merger, the Executive and Judicial heads of ex-states were the respective ruling chiefs who were exercising the powers of the High Court until a common High Court was established in 1945 at Raigarh for all Eastern States Agency.

 

As regards administration of Justice at the district level, there was a District Judge at Dhenkanal proper who was also the District Judge for ex-state, Hindol and Nilagiri. Angul was then under the jurisdiction of the District Judge, Cuttack-Sambalpur. After merger of the Princely States, the District Judge Court at Dhenkanal was abolished and the Judgeship of Cuttack-Dhenkanal was created with the District & Session Judge as head of the judicial administration of Angul. The District Judge of Keonjhar had jurisdiction over Pallahara. The District Judge of Boudh was the District Judge of Athmallik & the District Judge of Deogarh (in Sambalpur district, the then) was the District Judge for Talcher. The local Courts were also guided by the laws & regulation   framed by those Ex-States. The Courts of Munsif-Magistrate, which were at the lowest rung of judicial administration were manned by the Dewans, Asst. Dewans and Juvrajs. Besides, there were also priestly or ecclesiastical courts to deal with socio-religious matters. This was the position prior to merger of the princely States.

 

          After creation of a separate district in 1993, there was some change in the sphere of judicial administration with the establishment of the Courts of Chief judicial Magistrate and Additional District Judge at Angul. These two superior Courts were established on l3.05.94 and 17.12.97 respectively. The Chief Judicial Magistrate, Angul in addition to his own duty, is also functioning as the Assistant Sessions Judge.  He is the Presiding Officer of the Juvenile Court who tries cases of Juvenile delinquents as per the procedure under Juvenile Justice Act, 1986. He is also the Inspecting Authority of the subordinate criminal Courts in the district of Angul. The Additional District Judge, Angul is vested with the power of the Session Judge. He tries all offences, which are exclusively triable by Court of Sessions. Besides, he is the Appellate Authority of the Courts of the Magistrates, Civil Judges (Junior Division) and Civil Judge (Senior Division) of Angul and Athmalik Sub-divisions and also of the Court of the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Angul. He also tries Motor Accident Claim cases and cases under the special Acts such as Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act and Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act. His power is co-extensive with that of the District & Sessions Judge, Dhenkanal in judicial line. But the District Judge, Dhenkanal continues to be the head of the Judicial Administration for the composite Judgeship of Dhenkanal-Angul. In order to reduce heavy pendency of cases and to expedite dispensation of justice to the public litigant, there is also a proposal for establishment of two First Track Courts at Angul. The Court of the Additional District & Session Judge, Talcher has been established recently at Talcher keeping in view the pendency position of both civil and criminal cases of Talcher and Pallahara subdivisions. He is the Appellate Authority of all Magistrates & civil courts of Talcher & Pallahara sub-divisions.

 

          Similarly there were Courts of the Criminal Magistrate who used to deal with criminal cases along with revenue cases prior to separation of judiciary from Executive. The criminal Magistrates were then placed directly under the District Magistrates. The offences dealt with by the Criminal Courts were the offences under Indian penal code, Motor Vehicle Act, Excise ĎAct, Indian Forest Act. Municipal Act, Indian Railways Act, Mines Act etc. The nature of offences under Indian penal code mostly relate to offences against property such as theft, extortion, burglary, robbery etc., against human body such hurts, grievous hurt etc. offences affecting public health, safety decency and morals, offences against the public tranquility and public justice etc. After separation of judiciary from Executive since 1st May 1962, the revenue cases are tried by the Revenue Officers. The Executive Magistrates exercise their powers in respect of cases under preventive sections of Cr.P.C.

 

          The Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrates of Angul , Athmallik, Talcher and Pallahara are also vested with the powers Civil Judge(Junior Division) and have been working as such in their respective subdivisions. There is a Court of Judicial Magistrate First Class cum-Additional Civil Judge (Junior Division))at Angul. There are Courts of Civil Judges (Senior Division) at Angul, Athmallik and Talcher who have unlimited jurisdiction in civil matters. They try declaratory suits, money suits, partition suits etc. and also deal with matrimonial, succession and execution matters.

 

Legal profession and Bar Association


         Of late legal profession in Angul district has assumed a much wider dimension with increasing number of members joining the Bar Association every year.

 

The Bar Association of Angul was formed in 1946 with three members. It was registered in 1988 vide Registration number- Dhenknal-168-31/88-89. It has itís permanent building inside Civil Court premises, Angul. There is also a library of the Bar. At present, the strength of the Angul Bar Association is 462. Approximately 350 out of 462 members are daily practitioners in the Bar. The number of lady advocates of the Bar is also increasing every year. Recently there has been formation of a separate Bar named as District Bar Association, Angul.

 

The Bar Association at Talcher was established in 1952 with 8 members. Present strength of the bar is 205. The bar has its permanent building inside court premises. The Bar Association at Athmallik had only seven founder members. Besides, there is also a Bar Association at Pallahara. The strength of each Bar has registered a sharp increase now a days with the joining of new hands each year.

 

POLICE
 

          The Police administration of the Angul district is headed by Superintendent of Police, who is under the control of D.I.G. of Police, Northern Range, stationed at Sambalpur. The district police office has been  functioning in a rented house in R.M.C. guest house with effect from 01.04.1993.

 

There are 4 police circles, 20 police stations, 6 out posts, 10 beat houses and 4 town out posts.  The Superintendent of Police, Angul runs and control the police administration through the sub-divisional police officers & Circle Inspectors of Police.  In the district there are 4 police circles each under a Circle Inspector of Police. These circles are Angul, Talcher, Athamallik & Pallahara. The Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO), Talcher has jurisdiction over Talcher & Pallahara Sub-Divisions.

 

                             NAME  OF THE  POLICE STATIONS

Sl.No.

Name of the Police Stations

01.

Angul

02.

Nalco

03.

Banarpal

04.

Chhendipada

05.

Jarapada

06.

Bantala

07.

Purunakote

08.

Talcher

09.

Colliery

10.

Bikrampur

11.

Samal

12.

NTPC

13.

Kaniha

14.

Rengali

15.

Pallahara

16.

Khamar

17.

Athamallik.

18.

Kishorenagar

19.

Handapa

20.

Thakurgarh

 
STRENGTH /DISPOSITION

 

01.          S.P.                            :          01

02.          Addl.S.P.                    :          01

03.          D.S.P.                        :          03

04.          Inspector.                  :          07

04.          Sub-Inspectors.          :          44

05.          Asst. Sub-Inspectors   :         45

06.          Constables                 :        319

07.          Other ranks                :          27     

 

            There are 504 Gram Rakshies and 385 Home guards working in this district.

 

Out posts


01. Kangula ( Angul P.S.)

02. Chainpal ( Colliery P.S.)

03. South Balanda ( Colliery P.S.)

04. Gopalprasad ( Colliery P.S.)

05. Kiakata ( Athamallik)

06. Jamudoli ( Athamallik)
 

Town out post


01. Angul

02. Nalco

03. Talcher [TOP-1]

04. Hatatota [TOP-2]

 

Beat House


01. Angul College (Angul P.S.)

02. Mahidharpur ( Banarpal P.S.)

03. Purunagarh ( Bantala P.S.)

04. Tikarpada ( Purunakote P.S.)

05. Jagannathpur ( Purunakote P.S.)

06. Raijharana ( Jarapada P.S.)

07. Bagedia ( Chhendipada P.S.)

08. Seepur B.H. ( Samal P.S.)

09. Boinda B.H. ( Handapa P.S.)

10. Railway Aid Post.

 

 

OTHER POLICE ESTABLISHMENTS

 

Vigilance Wing
 

          The vigilance wing in Angul district is headed by one D.S.P. He is assisted by two Inspectors, one S.I. & other staff.
 

Fire Service

        
       This district has fire stations at Angul, Chhendipada, Athamallik, Bamur, Talcher & Pallahara.

 

Govt. Railway Police

         
        To preserve law & order, prevent & detect crimes within railway jurisdiction of this district, there is one A.S.I. & four constables at Talcher out post.
 

Special Branch


         The special branch stationed in this district consist of one Inspector, two S.Is, 4 A.S.Is and 4 constables.
 

C.I.S.F.       
        

          C.I.S.F. units are stationed at Nalco smelter plant, Nalco CPP, FCI, TTPS & TSTPP, Kaniha.

 

Police Training College, Angul

 

          Police Training College, Angul is the only police training institution of Orissa which trains I.P.S Probationers, OPS Probationers, departmental S.Is, directly recruited S.Is, Sergeants, Jemadars, Detective Dog Squad S.Is, Hand Writing Bureau S.Is, Departmental ASIs, Wireless ASIs, Havildars, Women Constables, Departmental Excise S.Is & directly recruited Excise S.Is. It also trains constables at its subsidiary training school of Nayagarh.

 

          It started as a training school for constables on 01.09.1937, in the vacant buildings belonging to the Police Department of the Ex-Angul District and the District Labour Association. The Sub-Inspectors of Orissa were being sent to Hazaribag Police Training College, Bihar as before. In the year 1941 it started functioning as a Police Training College with first batch of Police Sub-Inspectors of Orissa, the then Eastern State Agencies & Excise Sub-Inspectors of Orissa State. But the College started functioning formally with regular approval of Government from 01.01.1948. Presently PTC is headed by one I. G. of Police.

 

Objectives:

 

           The objectives of various training programmes are as follows:

 

(i)      To train officers and men of police and other sister departments to keep them fit in body and mind with drill, weapon training, unarmed combat and yoga

(ii)    To make them aware of their powers and obligations under the law

(iii)    To train them on different aspects of Police work like wireless, VHF, Motor vehicle, First Aid, Fire fighting etc.

(iv)    To make them public service oriented with adequate attitudinal changes and behavioral modifications

(v)     Honoring & guarding the values and position of women and protecting weaker and suppressed sections of society.

(vi)    To train in collection of intelligence for effective prevention and detection of crime

(vii)          To train in adequate use of Scientific Aids including computer.  

 

LAW & ORDER


          The District Magistrate & the Superintendent of Police are jointly responsible for maintenance of law & order. Law & Order has various dimensions such as communal harmony, labour situation in industries, students unrest, peasants unrest, etc. Major PSUs like NALCO, NTPC & MCL are working in this district. More than 36.5 Million Tonnes of coal is despatched by rail & road from Talcher during 2002-03 . More than 20,000 contract workers are engaged in the three PSUs mentioned above. Hence maintenance of law & order has always engaged serious attention of district administration.

 

          A large no. of people have been displaced in the district from Rengali Dam Project & Samal Barrage Project. People have lost their land for establishment of industries like NALCO & NTPC. Expansion of open cast mining of coal has taken place at the cost of displacement of people from their habitats. Such large-scale displacement of people has created complex humanitarian & social problems relating to rehabilitation & resettlement.

 

          The recent policy of  the Govt. of India to privatise NALCO has caused wide scale resentment among its employees. Various political outfits and trade unions have extended their support to NALCO employees. Closure of the FCI Ltd unit at Talcher & consequential release of more than 800 workers on VSS created a humanitarian problem.

 

          Environment is getting degraded because of large-scale industrial & mining activities. The summer temperature has been rising steadily. Dust pollution, deforestation, pollution of rivers & drainage system have evoked strong resentment from local people. Public awareness is growing in this regard. This new dimension will be a challenge for the law & order machinery in the coming days.

 

          The rural society is getting divided day by day, especially over the issue of execution of various development programmes through Panchayatiraj institutions ( PRIs).

 

          However the district has maintained healthy communal harmony over the years. There has been no major student agitation & peasant unrest in recent years. All the PSUs working in the district have been earning profit consistently.      

 

JAILS

 

JUVENILE JAIL

 

The Juvenile Jail, Angul, the only institution of its kind in the state, was established in the year 1897 for confinement of prisoners in the age group of 16 to 21 years. But after the implementation of the Juvenile Justice Act, all juvenile under trials and delinquents below the age group of 18 are being accommodated in the probation hostel, Angul. Now the under trials and convicted prisoners above the age of 18 are being accommodated in this jail.

 

Against the scheduled capacity of 97 prisoners, an average of 220 prisoners are being accommodated in Juvenile Jail, Angul.

 

There is one post of fulltime teacher attached to this jail to provide education to the prisoners.

 

Besides, there is   provision of vocational training on black-smithy & other trades to   help the prisoners for self-employment after their release from the jail.

 

One doctor and one Pharmacist have been posted regular basis to look after the health and hygienic aspects of the prisoners.

 

Sub-Jail


         There are Sub jails at Talcher, Athamallik & Pallahara with inmate capacity of 149, 31 & 39 respectively.

 

PROBATION HOSTEL


          The probation hostel at Angul was established in the year 1971 with the aim and objective of reforming the Juvenile and youthful probationers (released under the provision of the Probation of offenders Act, 1958) and making them good citizens in future by providing vocational, educational, moral and religious training. It is the only institution of its kind established in the State till date.

 

          The probation Hostel has been accommodating Juvenile under trials since 1987 by judicial orders though the said institution is yet to be certified as an Observation Home. The Government of Orissa in Women and Child Development Department have already been moved on the above score by the Addl. Director General of Police-cum-Inspector General of Prisons and Director, Correctional Services, Orissa.

 

          There is one school section inside the probation Hostel with one full time teacher to provide teaching to the inmates. Besides, this institution has one Tailoring Unit having one Tailoring Instructor to impart training on the same trade.

 

          There are Library Books and periodicals in stock to improve the habit of reading amongst the inmates. Further, Oriya Daily Newspapers are being supplied to the inmates of this institution for gathering information regarding the day-to-day happenings of the World. In addition, Chinmaya Mission, an International Spiritual Organization which has its branch at Angul has extended its co-operation in arranging spiritual and moral programmes for the inmates inside the Hostel on weekly basis.

 


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