After Angul came under British rule, the Britishers shifted their headquarters from Purunagarh to Hulurisingha on 12th October 1892 and on 30th March 1897 lands were acquired for extension of the new town, Angul. A Sanitary Union Committee for Angul was formed on 7th January 1930 by the Govt. of Bihar and Orissa according to the power conferred under section 68 of the Angul Laws and Regulations (111 of 1913). There were 9 members in the Committee out of which four were ex-officio members and five were non-official residents appointed by the local Govt. and a non-official member was honorary Secretary. The Angul Sanitary Union Committee was converted into Notified Area Committee in the year 1931 consisting of nine nominated members with the Deputy Commissioner, Angul as Chairman but subsequently Sub-Divisional Officer, Angul was appointed as Chairman of the Committee. This Committee imposed holding tax and personal tax in the year 1932-1933 under section 82 of the Bihar & Orissa Municipal Act 1922 in order to manage the Committee. The functions of the Committee were to sweep the roads, to clean the public latrines, to dispose off the rubbish and night soil and lighting of the roads. This committee continued up to 31st July 1955.
Constitution of NAC, Angul.
The Executive Officer executes the resolutions passed by the council from time to time. General Administration is controlled by the Executive Officer who is deputed from the Govt. of Orissa. The N.A.C. has 89 regular employees of different grades and 76 N.M.R & D.L.R. staff on its roll.
Water supply system
The N.A.C., Angul is maintaining 223 stand-posts, 147 Tube wells, 11 open-wells in its area.
The NAC, Angul maintains 263.50 kms of road out of which 30.00 km is black topped.
The N.A.C. Angul is running 2 schools, one High School namely N.A.C. High School since 1996 and one Music School namely Nrutya Sangeeta Bharati since 1979.
Working Women’s Hostel
The N.A.C., Angul is also looking after the management of the Working Women’s hostel since dt.13.2.1996. It can accommodate 66 inmates.
The N.A.C, Angul has provided 1729 nos. of
light posts in its area.
The NAC, Angul also maintains one recreation centre and two community centres.
Sources of Income:
The income of the N.A.C, Angul is derived from Govt. grants and loans, rents from market buildings, fees from daily and weekly markets, tax on carriages and carts, fees from parking space, license from rickshaw and rickshaw pullers, fees from ponds and tanks, fees from street-lights and license for bicycles. Besides these holding tax is the main source of income. However the own income of the NAC is not at all adequate to provide satisfactory level of service to the inhabitants. The inhabitants should be prepared to pay higher tax for better service.
The Talcher Municipality was constituted by the erstwhile Durbar Administration during the year 1913-14 covering an area of 10.36 Sq.Kms. The total area was divided into 4 wards. The Municipality was managed by a Municipal Council consisting of 8 members, 4 elected representatives of the taxpayers and 4 nominated by Durbar including the Chairman of the Council. In the year 1931-32 a set of Bye-Laws and Regulations (34 Regulations & 26 Municipal Bye-laws) was enforced to carry out the day to day administration of the Municipality. Moreover Bye-laws and regulations were also framed for maintenance of public health and sanitary conditions of the Municipal area & collection of various taxes and fees. But after merger of Talcher Ex-state with Orissa in 1948, the Bihar & Orissa Municipal Act. 1922 was introduced by the Govt. of Orissa vide Notification No.5933-LSG dt.30.7.1949. Subsequently the Orissa Municipal Act, 1950 was enforced in place of the Bihar and Orissa Municipal Act, 1922 during the year 1950. The 1st General Election for ten wards was held and one councilor was nominated from Scheduled Castes and this Council continued till 1st May ‘1954 when the Municipality was replaced by Notified Area Council vide Govt. Notification No.362/LSG dt.1.5.1954. The N.A.C. was converted to Municipality vide U.D. Department letter No.5426/UD dt.12.3.1969. Presently the total area of Talcher Municipality has been extended to 25.50 sq. kms with 3916 holdings having a population of 34,984 as per 2001 Census. The Municipality is divided into 21 wards.
The General Administration is controlled by the Executive Officer who is deputed from Government. The Municipality has 173 regular employees in different grades. The Executive Officer executes the resolutions passed by the council from time to time.
Water supply system :
The water is supplied from river Brahmani since 1965-66 through pipeline which is being maintained by P.H.E.D. Govt. of Orissa. Besides this 102 stand posts have been installed on road sides for general public.
The Municipality, Talcher maintains 212.533 Kms of road out of which 60.94 km is black- topped.
The Talcher Municipality is running one High School namely Municipality High School, Talcher.
One Allopathic dispensary is run by Talcher Municipality.
The Talcher Municipality provides 716 streetlights in its area & also maintains one reading room, one Town Hall and one Jatri Nivas.
Sources of Income
The financial sources of Talcher Municipality are the same as mentioned in the case of Angul N.A.C.
The NAC Athamallik was constituted w.e.f. 11.1.96 vide Govt. notification No.1527 dt.11.1.1996 and started functioning with effect from dt.6.2.1996 covering 14 revenue villages having total area of 7088.91 acres. The total no. of wards was eleven with a population of 10,125 as per 1991 census. The Sub-Collector, Athamallik was posted as Administrator till the holding of election. Election took place on dt.11.7.97 and 11 councillors were elected. The council functioned from dt.1.8.1997 to 18.8.2002.
The Executive Officer executes the resolutions passed by the Council. The general administration is controlled by the Executive Officer who is deputed from Govt. of Orissa. Besides this the Executive Officer is assisted by 21 employees of various grades in the performance of the day to day administration of the N.A.C.
Water supply system
The NAC, Athmalik is maintaining 109 tube wells and 90 stand-posts. Water is supplied through pipeline from river Mahanadi which is being maintained by P.H.E.D.
A total of 103.96 kms of road is being maintained by NAC, Athmalik.
Sources of Income
The financial sources of N.A.C. Athmalik are derived from Govt. grants & loans, rents from market buildings, fees from daily and weekly markets, ferry charges, tax on carriages and carts, fees from parking space and license from bicycles. Holding tax has not been assessed yet.
The Government of Orissa constituted Zilla Parishad under the three tier system of Panchayati Raj as per the provisions of Orissa Panchayat Samiti and Zilla Parishad Act, 1959 ( Orissa Act.VII of 1960) with effect from 26th January 1961 and it functioned with effect from 5th February 1961. The Parishad consisting of official and non-official members, was headed by a Chairman who was assisted by a Vice-Chairman and both of them were elected from among its non-official members. The Parishad mainly approved the schemes and budgets of the Panchayat Samitis , distributed funds and supervised execution of various schemes of Panchayat Samitis and Gram Panchayats. On the Ist November , 1968 Zilla Parishad was replaced by the District Advisory Council which was later on reconstituted as District Development Advisory Board. The Collector of the district was declared as the Chairman of the Board. He convened the meetings of the Board & presided over the meeting. The 73rd constitutional amendment is an important milestone in the democratic history of our nation. It provided for Gram Panchayats at village level, District Panchayats at district level and Intermediate Panchayats at Block/Taluk level. Zilla Parishad is the apex Panchayati Raj Institution at the district level. The rural areas of the district are divided into Zilla Parishad constituencies at the rate of one constituency for 40,000 population. One Zilla Parishad member is elected from each constituency through a process of direct election. The Zilla Parishad has a tenure of 5 years. One of the Zilla Parisad members is elected as President and another as Vice-President from among the elected members.
The first general election to the Zilla Parishad after enactment of the 73rd constitutional amendment was held in the year 1997. The second general election to the Zilla Parishad was held in the year 2002. The Zilla Parishad, Angul has 28 elected members ( women: 10, SC:5, ST:4) . M.Ps, M.L.As, Chairpersons of Panchayat Samities & district level officers are ex-officio members of Zilla Parishad. They do not have any voting right. The Project Director, DRDA functions as the Secretary of the Zilla Parishad. The Zilla Parishad is required to meet once every quarter. All meetings are presided over by the President and in his absence by the Vice-President. Zilla Parishad overlooks implementation of programmes and schemes related to road connectivity, water supply, education, health care, social welfare, PDS & rural employment generation programmes etc. Zilla Parishad carries out its activities through a no. of Standing Committees. It receives grants from Govt. to implement various programmes.
The Panchayat Samitis are the intermediate level PRIs provided by the 73rd constitutional amendment. There are 8 Panchayat Samitis in Angul district, namely Angul, Chhendipada, Banarpal, Athamallik, Kishorenagar, Kaniha, Talcher & Pallahara. The Panchayat Samiti is the most important of the three tier Panchayati Raj institutions. Officers of many departments such as education, fishery, agriculture, cooperation etc. are posted to the Panchayat Samitis. The Block Development Officer (B.D.O) is the chief executive of the Samiti. He is assisted by the Addl. B.D.O., Asst. Engineer, Junior Engineers, Extension Officers of various departments & VLWs. The Samitis are elected bodies consisting of elected members such as Samiti members , Sarpanches, local MLAs & M.Ps . One Samiti member is elected from each G.P. Some of the seats are reserved for the Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribe, Backward class and Women . The Chairman and Vice- Chairman are elected from among the Samiti members. The Chairman presides over the meetings of the Samiti and in his absence the Vice- Chairman performs the functions of the Chairman. The meetings are held bimonthly to discuss about the all round developments of the Panchayat Samiti area. The B.D.O. and other block level officials attend & participated in the deliberations of the meeting but they do not have right to vote.The non official members hold office for five years.
Almost all anti poverty programmes, social welfare schemes, public distribution system, relief works are implemented through the Panchayat Samiti. The Samiti is also responsible for spread of Primary education.
There are 209 Gram Panchayats in Angul district. The G.Ps have been divided into 2938 wards . The last general election to G.P. was held in the year 2002. The Sarpanch is the head of the G.P. who presides over the meetings of the G.P. In the absence of the Sarpanch the Naib- Sarpanch performs the job of Sarpanch. The G.P. area is divided into a no of wards. One Ward member is elected from each ward. The Sarpanch is directly elected. The elected representatives hold their office for five years.
The Gram Panchayat is the grass-root level institution of self governance. It receives fund from Govt. for providing rural infrastructures such as roads, school buildings, drinking water sources etc. The beneficiaries under various anti poverty and social welfare programmes are selected by Palli Sabha. The G.P. also looks after Primary education, health care, PDS in its jurisdiction. The Secretary is the executive officer of the G.P.
Sources of Income
The financial sources of the Gram Panchayats constitute all proceeds from tax, tolls, fees and Govt. grants. Besides this the income of the Panchayats are derived from tanks, ferries, markets, cattle ponds and orchards which have been transferred to the control and management of Gram Panchayats.