TRANSPORT   & COMMUNICATION      Contents


01.             ROADS & BUILDINGS

02.             RURAL DEVELOPMENT

03.             REGIONAL TRANSPORT AUTHORITY

04.             TELECOMMUNICATION

05.             COURIER

06.             TV CHANNELS

07.             E-GOVERNANCE

08.             RAILWAY

09.             WATERWAYS


TRANSPORT   & COMMUNICATION 

          Transport and Communication facilities are vital infrastructures of a modern economy. Transport system comprises several modes including Road, Rail, waterways etc. and communication system includes Post Offices, Courier Services, wireless, electronic media etc.

 

          The road system of this district in ancient and medieval times was under developed. During the medieval period prosperous towns like    Bajrakote, Yamagartta (modern Yamagadia near Angul) and Anugulaka Pattana (Modern Purunagarh) thrived in this region and these were connected with good roads. But all these were local roads and no extra-territorial route is known to have passed through this part of Orissa during that period. Even as late as the 18th century no good roads of extra-territorial importance are known to be existing in this area. It is known form the narrative of Mr. Motte(the agent of Lord Clive) who starting from Calcutta passed through Cuttack to Sambalpur in 1766 and from the account of Mr.Leckie who travelled through Cuttack to Nagpur in 1790 that the route linking  Cuttack with Sambalpur did not pass through  the area representing the present Angul district. In 1837 when Lt. Kittoe went in search of coal from Cuttack to Talcher he had to take circuitous route as the road through Dhenkanal town was probably not developed by that time. The route of Kittoe passed through  Kakhadi near Athagarh, Deogan near Kapilas hill and then running close to the southern bank of the river Brahmani passed up to Talcher. On his return journey Kittoe passed from Talcher  through a part of Angul territory to the village Nagna on the Brahmani and from there to Chandipal following the course of the river Brahmani.

 

          Among the old time conveyance, mention may be made of the Palanquin, the bullock cart, elephant and horse. The palanquin was commonly used by the aristocratic people. For long journey through difficult route, elephant or horse was the means of conveyance. The elephant carried the Hauda on its back for the respectable riders and the horse was also saddled. Pack-bullock with bullock cart were generally used by common people for the purpose of transport.

 

01.        ROADS & BUILDINGS

 

ROADS TRANSPORT

 

Public Works Department maintains four categories of roads i.e National Highways, State Highways, Major District roads & Other District roads.

 

          The following table shows total length of the National Highways, State Highways, Major District roads and Other District roads in the district.

 

Category of road                         Length

 

National Highways           . .                  235.47 km

State Highways                . .                  182.00 km

Major District roads         . .                  Nil     

Other District roads           . .                 353.43 km

 

National Highways

 

National Highway-42            . .                 96.00 km

National Highway-23            . .                 84.545 km

National Highway-06            . .                 11.542 km

National Highway-200          . .                 43.383 km

  

State Highway

 

In this district there are four State Highways namely :

1.       Angul-Tikarpada (SH-23)                                     Total length is 47.50 km

2.       Boinda Athamallik-Kiakata-Boudh (SH-62)       Total length is 68.50 km

3        Angul-Chhendipada-Sarpal-Budhapal road

          (SH-63)                                                                  Total length is 48.00 km

4        Angul-Maidharpur-Hindol-Narasinghpur

          road (SH-64)                                                         Total length is 18.00 km

 

Other District roads

 

There are a number of other district roads within the district and the total length of these roads is about 353 km.

 

There are 6 numbers of un-bridged crossings. These are :

1.       Dempha nallah on Talcher-Gopalprasad-Kaniha road.

2.      Naikanpali nallah at Ist km and Renthan nallah at 15th km of N.H-6 to  Jamardhi road.

3.       Jaunli nallah at 6th km of Badakera-Maidharpur road.

4.       Adagundi nallah at 4th Badakera-Mahidharpur road.

5.       Matelia nallah at 24th km of Badakera-Mahidharpur road.

6.       Singida nallah at 23rd km of Angul-Chhendipada-Sarpal-Budhapal road.

 

          Out of the above, bridges are under construction on Jaunil, Matelia nallah and will be completed soon. One bridge is under construction on Sanhulla at 9th km of Boinda Athamallik Kiakata Boudha road.

 

SURFACE OF THE ROAD (K.M)

 

SlNo

Name of the road

Category

Total

Single

B.T

W.B.M

Moorum

Earthern

01

Angul-Tikarpada road.

SH-23

47.5

Single

46.00

1.50

-

-

02

Angul-Chhendipada-Sarpal-Budhapal road.

SH-63

48.00

(Part)

Single

48.00

-

-

-

03

Boinda-Athamallik-Kiakata road.

SH-62

68.50

Single

51.00

17.50

-

-

04

Angul-Mahidharpur-Hindol-Narasinghapur road.

SH-64

18.00

(Part)

Single

17.545

0.525

-

-

05

Badkera-Mahidharpur road.

ODR

24.00

Single

14.14

4.30

1.65

3.91

06

Nuahata-Mahidharpur road.

ODR

18.00

Single

5.35

11.90

-

0.75

07

Thakurgarh-Tapdhol road.

ODR

20.00

Single

-

11.35

-

8.65

08

Kulad-Talcher road.

ODR

8.00

Single & Double

5.43

2.57

-

-

09

Chhendipada-Bagedia road.

ODR

7.00

Single

7.00

-

-

-

10

Angul Town road.

ODR

24.00

Single & Double

23.083

0.917

-

-

11

Saheed Manas Marg.

ODR

4.00

Single

0.160

1.07

2.77

-

12

Athamallik Town road.

ODR

6.00

Single

6.00

-

-

-

13

Angul-Ekagharia-FCI road.

ODR

8.20

Single

5.36

2.84

-

-

14

Kulad-Gotamara road.

ODR

5.00

Single

5.00

-

-

-

15

Angul-Sankhapur-Karatapata road.

ODR

19.00

Single

17.97

1.03

-

-

16

Bamur-Dhurapali-Kaintragarh road.

ODR

28.80

Single

10.775

18.025

-

-

17

Thakurgarh-Nakchi road.

ODR

17.50

Single

10.50

7.00

-

-

18

Chhendipada-Jarapada road.

ODR

25.00

Single

15.40

9.60

-

-

19

Talcher Town road.

ODR

5.00

Single & Double

5.00

-

-

-

20

Samal-Bamara boarder road.

ODR

8.00

Single

8.00

-

-

-

21

Talcher-Angul boarder road.

ODR

5.00

Single & Double

5.00

-

-

-

22

Handidhua Junction to FCI road.

ODR

5.34

Single

5.34

-

-

-

23

Defunct NH-23

ODR

1.03

Single

1.03

-

-

-

24

Kaniha-Kakudia road.

ODR

11.00

Single

6.00

5.00

-

-

25

Talcher-Gopalprasad-Kaniha road.

ODR

36.90

Single

31.925

4.975

-

-

26

Pallahara Town road.

ODR

4.00

Single

2.57

-

-

1.43

27

NH-6 to Jharbeda road.

ODR

13.66

Single

7.70

1.10

0.50

4.36

28

NH-6 to Jamardihi road.

ODR

18.00

Single

5.52

3.58

0.50

8.40

29

Nathupasi to Pangatira road.

ODR

21.50

Single

21.50

-

-

-

30

KantiapasiKunjam road.

ODR

9.50

Single

9.50

-

-

-

 

Total

 

534.43

 

397.728

104.782

5.42

27.50

 

Angul-Tikarpada Road (SH-23)

 

          Total length of the road is 47.50 km. This road starts from NH-42 of Badkera (13 km from Angul) and ends at Tikarpada. Except 1.5 km (from 46.0 km to 47.50 km) balance portion is of black-topped surface. There are a number of old C.D. works which interrupt traffic during rainy season.

 

Boinda-Athamallik-Kiakata-Boudha Road (SH-62)

 

          Total length of the road is 72.50 km. This road starts from NH-42 at Boinda and after passing through Athamallik, Madhapur, Kiakata ends at Boudha. From Boinda to Madhapur the road is of black topped surface and from Madhapur to Kiakata the road is metalled and from Kiakata to Boudha the road is of BT surface. One bridge is under construction at Kandhapada nallah.  During the flood 2001 the portion from Boinda to Athamallik was damaged severely. Out of NCCF grant of 2003 the damaged road has been improved and permanent restoration has been done.

 

Angul-Chhendipada-Sarpal-Budhapal Road (SH-63)

 

          Total length of the road is 52 km. The road is fully black topped. This starts from Angul and after passing through Kosala, Chhendipada, Sarpal ends at Budhapal. There is one old steel girder bridge at 15 th km on Singada nallah.

 

Angul-Mahidharpur-Hindol-Narasinghapur Road (SH-64)

 

          Total length  of the road is 55 km. This road starts from Angul and after passing through Mahidharpur Hindol termited at Narasinghapur.

 

Saheed Manas Marga

 

          This is an other District road. Total length is 4 km. This road has been named in the memory of Saheed Manas Ranjan Mallick (Kargil Saheed). The road is   partly black topped and partly metalled.

 

02.          RURAL DEVELOPMENT

 

          Rural Development Department maintains 67 nos. of roads having length of 686.758 km. out of which   B.T. 143.947 km, WBM 361.76 km., Earthen 181.051 km., Small C.D. 666 nos., Minor Bridge 24 nos. These are basically rural roads. Many small bridge and culverts have been constructed to give all weather road facilities for development of the socio economic condition of the rural people. Plan & Non plan fund, fund provided under RIDF ( Rural Infrastructure Development Fund) of NABARD, CRF & MPLAD are utilized to improve & repair the roads.

 

          Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana works are being taken up from 2000-2001. This programme will give benefit i.e connectivity to the unconnected villages, having population 1000 + & 500 +. These are 102 nos. village having more than 1000 populations & 184 nos. having more than 500 population in Angul district, distributed in 8 blocks which are still unconnected. Under this programme by 2007 all the villages have been targeted to give connectivity as per the Government of India guidelines. The Action plan for the district has been prepared as per the core network. During 2000-2001, out of the allocation of 544 lakh 32.092 km. & 57 nos. C.D. have been completed & during 2001-2002 from   86.82 km. & 141 nos. C.D. work are going to be completed by April 2003.

 

03.    REGIONAL TRANSPORT AUTHORITY

 

A.          Establishment of R.T.A.,Angul

 

          After creation of Angul district, an Addl. R.T.O. started functioning at Angul from 1995 under the administrative control of Regional Transport Office, Dhenkanal. Regional Transport Authority, Angul having jurisdiction over entire Angul district started functioning with effect from 1.7.2002.

 

          The Collector & District Magistrate is the Chairman of the Regional Transport Authority, Angul.

 

          The Regional Transport Officer, Angul is the Executive Officer and the Secretary of the R.T.A.

 

B.          Functions

 

       Following services are provided by R.T.A.

(a)             Registration of vehicles.

(b)             Issue of permits.

(c)             Collection of M.V. taxes and fees.

(d)             M.V. enforcement.

(e)           Check bus services within the region for conveniences of the         traveling passengers.

(f)              Issuing of driving licences and conductors licences.

(g)             Create public awareness on road safety.

 

D.          Vehicle population of the region

 

          Prior to inception of new Regional Transport Office, Angul the vehicles registered in this region were being assigned the Registration Mark of Regional Transport Office, Dhenkanal ( OR-06) and about 32,000 no. of vehicles were registered under the said registration mark. The new registration mark OR-19 has been assigned to Angul region & 5826 vehicles have been registered in this region during July 2002 through March 2003.

 

E.          Permits

 

(a)             Permanent & temporary permits are being granted in respect of goods/ carriages and contract carriages by R.T.A.

 

(b)              Stage carriage permits are being issued in respect of 53 no. of buses playing on main routes where as permits in respect of 150 buses are being issued for 22 feeder routes. The feeder routes generally cover distance less than 50 km. are:

 

1.       Talcher to Angul via Banarpal.

2.       Talcher to Angul via FCI.

3.       Angul to Talmul.

4.       Purunagarh to Angul via Jarpada.

5.       Jarpada, Chhendipada via Balipata.

6.       Angul to Meramundali.

7.       Banarpal to Talmul via Bauligarh & Santri.

8.       Angul to Kamalanga via Banarpal.

9.       Talcher to Kamalanga.

10.     Talcher to Sanda via Parajang.

11.     Banarpal to Patala via Nimabahali.

12.     Angul to Gudiakateni.

13.     Talcher to Gopalprasad.

14.     Talcher to NTPC via Srirampur.

15.     Talcher to NTPC via Samal.

16.     Rengali to Pallahara via Khamar.

17.     Talcher to Mahibir road via Parjang.

18.     Boinda to Paiksahi via Sanahulla.

19.     Boinda to Kantapada via Thakurgarh.

 

Some of the  major routes in the district are as follows.

 

1.          Angul to Pallahara via Khamar.                       91 kms

2.          Angul to Rengali via Kaniha.                           85 kms

3.          Angul to Rengali via Kosala.                           89 kms

4.          Angul to Bagedia via Chhendipada.                 45 kms

5.          Angul to Kiakata via Athamallik.                    136 kms

6.          Angul to Kiakata via Kishorenagar.                 125 kms

7.          Angul to Chasagurujang via Pallahara.             107 kms   

 

          In addition to this Inter-State permits are issued by the S.T.A., Orissa, Cuttack to ply buses through this Region to the places such as TATA, KOLKATA, RAIPUR and VILLAI etc.

 

04.          Telecommunication in Angul District

 

          There are 37 Telephone Exchanges in Angul district with installed capacity of 29,917(Twenty nine thousand nine hundred seventeen). Total Telephone connections working are 27,917(Twenty seven thousand nine hundred seventeen) Internet facility is available in the Exchanges. All the Exchanges in the district are connected on OFC media with the national network. ISDN facility is available from Nalconagar OCB-main Exchange. The telephone subscribers of all 13 OCB exchanges can available ISDN facility. At present two nos. of ISDN connections, one at NTPC Kaniha and another at Talcher Railway station are working.

 

          Besides the above WLL(Wire less in local loop) service is available from Nalconagar, Kosala, Boinda, Kaniha & Khamar exchanges. Mostly WLL connections are working in rural areas. Total 343 village public telephones are working in the district on WLL media with 1299 regular telephone subscribers on WLL media.

 

List of the Telephone Exchanges
 

Name of

Exchange

STD

Code

Type of

Exchange

Capacity

Working

Connection

Angul

06764

OCB-RSU

5000L

4056

Ananta

06760

OCB-RSU

2000L

1754

Athamallik

06763

2*256PC-DOT

368

346

Badakera

06764

2*256PC-DOT

368

331

Bantala

06764

OCB-RSU

1000

588

Boinda

06763

IK.C-DOT

1000

334

Bagadia

06761

3*256PC-DOT

488

363

Balipata

06764

256PC-DOT

152

126

Banarpal

06764

OCB-RSU

1000

607

Badatribida

06760

256-PC-DOT

152

142

Chhendipada

06761

2*256PC-DOT

368

293

Dandasingh

06764

256PC-DOT

184

72

Godibandha

06760

2*256PC-DOT

368

322

Kaniha

06760

OCB-RSU

2000

1615

Jarapada

06764

2*256PC-DOT

336

195

Kosala

06761

2*256PC-DOT

368

223

Kalamchuin

06760

OCB-RSU

1000

402

Kukudang

06764

256PC-DOT

184

179

Khamar

06762

IKC-DOT

1000

313

Mahendrapur

06760

OCB-RSU

1000

588

Madhapur

06763

256PC-DOT

152

124

Nakchi

06763

256PC-DOT

152

134

Nalconagar

06764

OCB-MAIN

4000

3930

Pallahara

06765

IKC-DOT

1000

557

Pabitranagar

06765

2*256PC-DOT

368

242

Paikasahi

06763

256PC-DOT

152

90

Rengali

06765

2*256PC-DOT

368

317

R.K.Nagar

06763

2*256PC-DOT

336

273

Samal

06760

OCB-RSU

500

439

Southbalanda

06760

OCB-RSU

3500

3083

Susuda

06764

OCB-RSU

2000

1141

Sakasingha

06764

256PC-DOT

152

81

Talcher

06760

OCB-RSU

3000

2762

T.T.P.S,Talcher

06760

OCB-RSU

1500

1294

Thakuragarh

06763

256PC-DOT

152

109

Talmul

06764

2825PC-DOT

368

302

Tulasipal

06764

2*256PC-DOT

336

190

 

 

TOTAL

29372

27917

 

List of WLL(Wire less in local loop) Exchanges

 

SL NO.

NAME OF

EXCHANGE.

TYPE

CAPACITY

DEL+VPT

01

NALCONAGAR

HFCL

BTS-500L

427+68

02

KOSALA

HFCL

BTS-500L

325+47

03

BOINDA

HFCL

BTS-500L

187+55

04

KANIHA

HFCL

BTS-500L

255+56

05

KHAMAR

HFCL

BTS-500L

105+117

 

 

TOTAL

      2500L

1299+343

 

05.        COURIER

         

Courier services available in the district are as follows:

 

1.       D.T.D.C, Amalapara, Angul.

2.       DHL Courier Service Near Kanchan Takies, Angul.

3        Professional Courier Service , Bazar Chowk, Angul.

4.       Shyam Courier, Bazar Chowk, Angul.

5.       Dolphin Courier Service, Bazar Chowk, Angul.

6.       Gati Courier Service, Gandhi Road, Angul.

 

06.   T.V. Channels

 

The important T.V. Channels telecasting local new items, entertain programmes are as follows:

 

1.          A.T.V. ( 1998), Angul.

2.          T.T.V. ( 2000), Talcher.

 

07.   E-Governance

       

E-Governance includes the following items of work.

 

1.          Complain to Collector, Angul through E-mail from any place on any subject.

2.          IT activities & implementation of various ICT Projects (Information   & Communication Technology)  in the District & Sub-District level.

3.          Hosting of Official Website of the District http://angul.nic.in.

4.          Downloading of  various forms from District Website.

5.          Tenders/ Auctions notifications in the District Website.

6.          Important public announcements in the District Website.

7.          Job advertisements in the District Website.

 

08.        Railway

 

        The Talcher line and Sambalpur line of the south-eastern railway runs in the district. Railway line was laid primarily on account of the Talcher coal field and the first passenger and goods traffic along this line was opened on    20th January 1927. This railway services passengers form & to  the district. As there are many feeder roads connecting the interior areas with the railway stations of the district. Passenger & goods traffic on roads is generally regulated according to the timings of trains at various stations. The important stations are Angul, Kerejeng P.H., Jarapada, Boinda, Handapa P.H., Saragipali P.H., Bamur P.H., Talcher road P.H., Thermal P.H., Talcher, Budhapanka P.H. etc.

 

09.        Water ways

 

        The river Mahanadi & Brahmani are the main waterways of the district. The Mahanadi is navigable for a period of 7 months from September to March for 77 kms. from village Daruha in Athamallik sub-division to village Kataranga in Angul sub-division. The goods like Bamboos, timbers and other commodities are transported through the river.The important ferry ghats of river Mahanadi are Kuleswar, Kudagoan, Olath, Bahali, Lunahandi, Deuli, Kiakata etc.

 

 The river Brahmani is navigable for a period of three months from July to September.The important ferry ghats of river Brahmani are Talcher, Durgapur, Karnapal, Talapada, Burukuna, Bijigole, Karadei, Rangali etc.

                


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